What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become fragile and brittle. They fracture more easily than normal bone. Even a minor bump or fall can cause a serious fracture. The most common are bones in the hip, spine, wrist, ribs, pelvis and upper arm.
Who is affected by osteoporosis?
Half of all women and one-third of men over 60 years old in Australia will have a fracture due to osteoporosis. It is a major cause of injury and long-term disability, with one fifth of people who suffer a hip fracture dying within six months.
What contributes to osteoporosis?
- Hormone levels (oestrogen and testosterone)
- Physical activity status
- Female (Menopause)
- High alcohol intake
- Low body weight
- Low calcium intake
- Long term corticosteroid use (eg prednisone)
- Rheumatoid arthritis, chronic liver disease, kidney failure
- Over-active thyroid or parathyroid glands
Reduce your risk by:
- Having a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D
- Weight-bearing, high impact and strengthening exercises (such as walking and weight training)
- Taking a bone density test (if appropriate)
- Consulting with your doctor
- Smoking cessation
- Decreasing alcohol intake
How can physiotherapy help prevent/treat osteoporosis?
Consult with your PPS Physiotherapist who can provide you with a thorough assessment and pinpoint any contributing factors involved with the development of osteoporosis. From there, a functional, fun, safe, and supervised exercise program can be individually designed to help you combat and ultimately prevent osteoporosis.