What is osteoporosis?osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become fragile and brittle. They fracture more easily than normal bone. Even a minor bump or fall can cause a serious fracture. The most common are bones in the hip, spine, wrist, ribs, pelvis and upper arm.

Who is affected by osteoporosis?

Half of all women and one-third of men over 60 years old in Australia will have a fracture due to osteoporosis. It is a major cause of injury and long-term disability, with one fifth of people who suffer a hip fracture dying within six months.

What contributes to osteoporosis?

  • Heredity
  • Hormone levels (oestrogen and testosterone)
  • Physical activity status
  • Diet
  • Female (Menopause)
  • Smoking
  • High alcohol intake
  • Low body weight
  • Low calcium intake
  • Falls
  • Age
  • Long term corticosteroid use (eg prednisone)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis, chronic liver disease, kidney failure
  • Over-active thyroid or parathyroid glands

Preventing osteoporosis

Reduce your risk by:
  • Having a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D
  • Weight-bearing, high impact and strengthening exercises (such as walking and weight training)
  • Taking a bone density test (if appropriate)
  • Consulting with your doctor
  • Smoking cessation
  • Decreasing alcohol intake

How can physiotherapy help prevent/treat osteoporosis?

Consult with your PPS Physiotherapist who can provide you with a thorough assessment and pinpoint any contributing factors involved with the development of osteoporosis. From there, a functional, fun, safe, and supervised exercise program can be individually designed to help you combat and ultimately prevent osteoporosis.